In October 1956, a decision was made to build a full-cycle facility on the Lower Kama for large-scale production of various synthetic rubbers and latexes, as well as monomers used in their manufacturing. The area near the production facility became home to a settlement, and later, the city of Nizhnekamsk. In 1967, the facility made its first batch of products.
The Council of Ministers of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic adopts the resolution On Allocating a Land Plot for Industrial and Civil Construction of a Petrochemical Plant on the Lower Kama.
Final decision on the construction site is made.
On 7 October, the Communist Party’s Central Committee and the USSR Council of Ministers adopt a resolution on the construction of the Nizhnekamsk Petrochemical Plant.
On 21 January, the USSR Council of Ministers approves the terms of reference and the consolidated cost estimate for the construction of the Nizhnekamsk Petrochemical Plant.
On 22 March, workers put in place the first cubic metre of concrete for the facility's foundation.
On 31 July, the first stage of the central gas fractionation unit with a capacity of 750 ktpa is commissioned, and the first product batch is manufactured. It is the facility's official inception date. Shortly after that, railroad shipments of commercial butane and hexane are dispatched to the first consumers in Omsk and Bashkortostan.
Starting 1970, the Nizhnekamsk Petrochemical Plant had been laucnhing new monomer and polymer production lines every year. In 1980s, the facility began producing ethylene oxide, propylene and styrene oxide, polyether, butadiene (manufactured using oxidative dehydrogenation), propylene trimers, alkylphenol, etc. In 1991, Nizhnekamskneftekhim came under the jurisdiction of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
The SKI-3 plant No. 1 produces the first briquette of isoprene rubber.
The second stage of the 750 ktpa central gas fractionation unit is commissioned.
The butyl rubber plant produces its first briquette.
The ethylene plant makes its first output.
The Ufa – Nizhnekamsk – Kazan ethylene pipeline is put into operation. The facility deploys equipment for ethylbenzene and styrene production.
The SKI-3 plant No. 2 manufactures its first product batches.
The plant launches a 7 mtpa ELOU-AVT-7 primary oil refining unit.
The ethylene oxide plant commissions equipment for ethyl cellosolve production.
Production of propylene oxide and styrene is launched.
The facility starts manufacturing polyether.
A 250 ktpa neonol production line is launched.
Ethylene oxide production kicks off.
Production of surfactants is launched.
The plant commissions the alpha olefin and triethylaluminium production line.
Despite the challenges of 1990s, the facility kept developing as it launched alpha-olefin and triethylaluminium production and upgraded production capacities. In 1993, the Company was reorganised into JSC Nizhnekamskneftekhim. In 2000s, the Company started to gradually implement projects aimed at launching the production of polystyrene, polypropylene, polyethylene and ABS plastics, neodymium and lithium catalyst based polybutadiene rubber, chlorinated and bromobutyl rubbers.
The plant begins to modernise its EP-450 ethylene production line with a view to ramping up its capacity to 600 ktpa.
Nizhnekamskneftekhim is registered by the Ministry of Finance of Tatarstan and put on the register of joint-stock companies.
The EPDM synthetic rubber production with a capacity of 30 ktpa is launched.
The Company signs its first collective bargaining agreement.
The first polystyrene production line with a capacity of 50 ktpa is put into operation.
The facility produces the first briquette of the chlorobutyl rubber pilot batch. It also begins the commercial production of halogenated butyl rubber and launches a 50 ktpa SKD-N polybutadiene rubber line.
The second 50 ktpa polystyrene production line kicks off.
The Company launches a 180 ktpa polypropylene production facility.
The Company commissions the SKD-L polybutadiene rubber production. It also launches the GTU-75 gas turbine CHP unit. A water treatment system is put into operation.
The plant commences the polyethylene production with a capacity of 230 ktpa.
On 13 November 2014, Nizhnekamskneftekhim went public by offering its shares in the stock market. In 2016, the Company commissioned the upgraded normal alpha olefin production. In 2017, it launched the production of formaldehyde, isobutylene, as well as benzene separation and extraction. The Company started manufacturing oxyethylated products (MPEG, TPEG, NPEG) In 2021, it launched the production of next-gen rubbers (SSBR) and thermoplastic elastomers. The Company became a universal rubber producer covering the needs of all tyre manufacturers.
The Company deploys equipment for ABS plastic production with a capacity of 60 ktpa.
Nizhnekamskneftekhim goes public by offering its shares in the stock market.
The oligomer and glycol plant launches the industrial-scale production of a new compound – triisobutylaluminium (TIBA).
The synthetic rubber plant hits a 10 mt milestone in SKI-3 isoprene rubber production.
Formaldehyde production with a capacity of 100 ktpa is commissioned.
A 160 ktpa isobutylene production line is launched. The Company starts producing benzene.
The Company commissions the capacities to manufacture oxyethylated products (MTBE, MPEG, TPEG). A new EP-600 ethylene production facility enters the construction stage.
The Company launches the production of styrene-butadiene rubbers and thermoplastic elastomers with a capacity of 60 ktpa. Nizhnekamskneftekhim is integrated into SIBUR Holding.
Scheduled launch of a PGU TES steam turbine unit.