The increase in demand for plastics has also led to increased waste generation. In response to the pandemic, growing pollution rates and rollback in many public policies raised the importance of transitioning to a circular economy.
Today, it is no longer possible to deny that the relevance of consumer plastic waste management will only increase over time. As an ultimate response, production planning of the petrochemical companies must focus on realigning their sustainability strategies in line with circular economy principles and expanding their collaboration with all stakeholders to create innovative sustainable solutions.
There are at least three areas in which petrochemical companies can drive forward the transition to a circular economy. Across all of them, it is imperative to enhance greater cooperation across entire value chains to achieve common goals.
Consumer plastics are often seen as the primary pollutant. However, this is far from reality. Let's consider the entire lifespan of any single-use plastic item and compare it to other “sustainable” alternatives such as glass, wood or metal. It becomes evident that the overall carbon footprint of plastic is much lower.
For example, the total carbon footprint of a 355 ml plastic (PET) bottle is around 40 grams of carbon dioxide, whereas the carbon footprint of the same bottle made of aluminum or glass is over 180 grams. The carbon footprint of a bottle made of recycled plastics falls below 10 grams of carbon dioxide.
The real problem is the lack of infrastructure for the efficient management, sorting and recycling of plastic waste. Around the world, 1 million plastic drinking bottles are purchased every minute, and 5 trillion single-use plastic bags are thrown away each year. However, studies indicate that less than 10 percent of all plastics have been recycled.
Yet polymer recycling is one of the most efficient and sustainable solutions to the consumer plastic waste issue. Advanced recycling technologies such as chemical recycling allow us to chemically reduce polymers to their original monomer form and use them to make new plastics. As such, any used plastic is a valuable recyclable resource. Currently, we are not doing enough to prevent these resources from going into landfills.
Businesses and governments must enhance cooperation and build the necessary infrastructure to collect used plastics, sort them into different grades and recycle. We must also focus our efforts on improving recycling technologies to minimize plastic “feedstock” losses. The goal will require all stakeholders – from R&D to construction – to educate people on responsible waste management and sorting. Our aim is to ensure that consumer plastic waste is redirected back into the production process.
Petrochemical companies can take great strides towards developing polymers that allow processors to consume less material while maintaining quality. Plastic producers must once again collaborate with stakeholders across the entire value chain – from end-market consumers to institutes that guarantee required levels of expertise. It is also crucial for leading petrochemical companies to prioritize their innovations and research streams to scale new products that meet new sustainability and environmental standards.
To adequately adapt production and create sustainable solutions, companies should monitor their environmental impact and seek ways to improve their performance and enhance and promote green technologies.
In this changing landscape, no single industry can achieve success without collaboration. Companies that are successful in their innovation effectively leverage strategic alliances with research organizations and companies across the vertical and horizontal value chains to develop new technologies and products.
By engaging with partners across the value chain, governments, institutes, and companies gain access to experience, capabilities and talent that they may otherwise not possess and could build an ecosystem that drives the next wave of innovation. On an internal front, companies should enable cross-collaboration and train employees on the best technologies and practices.
The best way to start is to acknowledge that the petrochemical industry must collaborate closely with its stakeholders to address our shared plastic problem. We must commit ourselves to innovative principles, mainly circular economy solutions, to ensure long-term sustainability for the long-term environmental and economic good.
The author is a Management Board member of LLC SIBUR, Russia’s largest petrochemical company. A PhD in Law from Moscow State Law University, he had served with Social Development Department of the Government of Russian Federation.